Digital Photography Tips

Digital cameras today offer superb image quality that competes directly with film.

These cameras look and act like traditional cameras with a few extra features. Tricky camera designs are quickly leaving the marketplace because photographers want to take pictures and not be bogged down by hard-to-use technology.

Many things about digital cameras are identical to film cameras, a few things are slightly tweaked from film expectations, and a number of features are unique to digital photography. Some of the big differences can actually help you take better pictures than you ever did with a film camera.

For quality results from any camera, the basics of photography still apply no matter how an image is captured. A tripod is always important if slow shutter speeds are needed and big telephoto lenses are used. Fast shutter speeds remain a key way to stop action, and f-stops continue to affect depth of field. The important parts of a scene still need to have the focus centered on them, and dramatic light always helps make for dramatic photos.

The “digital” in digital camera has caused even experienced photographers to worry that this new technology will be difficult to master. But consider this: No beginner ever picked up a camera and knew what all the controls did. For the serious photographer, f-stops and shutter speeds were definitely not instinctive.

Types of Cameras

Digital cameras come in a variety of forms, from point-and-shoot pocket cameras to advanced digital SLRs. There is no right or wrong type, though a specific one may be best for you and your photography.

Simple point-and-shoot digital cameras can give surprising quality when they have the right lenses and sensors. Because they are totally automatic in focus and exposure, they just have to be pointed at a subject and clicked. They have limited capabilities for controlling the image, although even very inexpensive cameras often have white balance controls. Some are exceptionally compact, able to fit easily into a shirt pocket, making them ideal cameras to keep at hand so you won’t miss a great photo opportunity.

Advanced point-and-shoot cameras are similar in that they mostly rely on automatic controls; however, this group tends to add special features to make the cameras a little more flexible. Such features include exposure compensation, more white balance controls, limited manual settings, and more. Still relatively inexpensive, these cameras can be a good introduction to digital and are perfect for the families of serious photographers.

Interchangeable-lens, digital SLRs offer all the controls of a 35mm SLR, including lenses that give you a wealth of focal-length possibilities. These cameras are definitely bigger than the other digital cameras. They include complete and extensive photographic controls, the best in image-sensor and processing technology, high levels of noise control, and more. The LCD panel on the back of an SLR can be used only for reviewing images, since the sensor cannot provide “live” images due to the mirror design.

Shoot It Right From the Start

The way to get the best photos from a digital camera is to do it right from the start. Yet there is an idea that one doesn’t need to devote much effort when you have the computer to “help.” This idea has sometimes reached almost surreal proportions. A couple of years ago, a digital photography article in a major news magazine said software was available that would automatically transform amateurs’ photos into images that would rival the best of pros. That software never existed, nor will it, because good photography has always been about art and craft; about understanding the tools of the craft and using them well; and about perception and the ability to capture an image that catches an audience’s attention and communicates well.

Just remember that digital photography is still photography.

The Basics

The most common mistake people make is camera shake. When you move the camera inadvertently at the time you press the shutter, you risk the chance of blurring your image or reducing the sharpness of the image. Keep it steady!

Exposure

Most point-and-shoot cameras have a simple exposure override facility, normally allowing you to overexpose or underexpose your picture. So if the subject is predominantly dark, experiment by overexposing to compensate. If the subject is predominantly light, then underexposure is the way to go. Try taking a test picture, look at it on the screen on the back of your camera, check the histogram, and adjust your exposure compensation. Don’t be afraid to shoot four or five versions, as the LCD screen is not always accurate. You can delete the bad pictures later.

Composition

A very basic rule of composition is known as the rule of thirds, or the tic-tac-toe rule. Imagine your viewfinder or LCD monitor divided into nine equal-size squares, like a tic-tac-toe grid. Compose your picture with your subject center-positioned at one of the four intersecting points. This should help you compose more aesthetic portraits.

Zoom

Your point-and-shoot camera will probably have an autofocus zoom lens. You will discover that the ability to zoom in on your subject is fantastic. Get bold. Use your zoom lens and compose your picture with the subject filling your frame. To start with, I’d be surprised if you don’t get a lot of pictures that are small in the frame. When you look through the viewfinder, look at the whole picture frame and how big the subject is in your picture, not just into the eyes of the person you’re photographing.

Changing the Point of View

Another thing to consider when taking your picture is your point of view. A picture can be more interesting when taken from an unusual angle. Don’t be afraid to lie down and look up at your subject, a particularly dynamic approach when photographing pets or children and also less threatening to your subject. Equally, you could try climbing up to a higher viewpoint and looking down on your subject. Better yet, try both and then delete the one you like less.

Transferring Digital Images

Digital cameras today come with some way of transferring the photos to the computer. This usually involves some sort of cable, although some cameras are using infrared and other wireless technologies. Direct connection may not be the best way for photographers to get photos onto the computer’s hard drive, however. Many people find a card reader much more convenient.

Keys to Working in the Digital Darkroom

Many photographers have tried to work with image-processing programs such as Adobe Photoshop and found the whole process difficult, intimidating, and tedious. One big reason this occurs is that much of the instruction in books and classes takes the wrong approach for photographers: It dwells on the software and not the photography.

The photo “rules.” This is an important thing to remember. When the software is “in charge,” the focus is not on the image; it is on learning and memorizing all the functions of the program. Many photographers have sat through classes that taught them about such things as selections and layers long before they had any idea why they might want to have such knowledge. This was simply because the instructor thought these things were key elements of Photoshop.

As a photographer, you know your photos and what you want them to do. Sure you might not know everything you can do with an image in the program, but that is less important than why you took the photo. Only you can know this, and your photographic intent will guide you, even through Photoshop, on a sure-and-steady, craft-driven journey that is not obsessed with technology.

Experimenting without fear is another key idea for using the digital darkroom. Often, photographers have had to pay a price for experimenting, and many have gotten cautious and brought that caution with them into the digital darkroom. Just remember that there is little you can do to an image in the computer that can’t be undone. Let yourself go, and don’t be afraid to experiment.

Top 10 Digital Photography Tips

Take Your Digital Photography to the Next Level!

Whether you are a beginner or more experienced with photography, there are some tips that will benefit you and give you better results. Here are some common issues that you may have to deal with and some tips on how you can use them to your advantage.

1

Compose in Thirds

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To use the rule of thirds, imagine four lines, two lying horizontally across the image and two vertical creating nine even squares. Some images will look best with the focal point in the center square, but placing the subject off center will often create a more aesthetically composed photograph. When a photograph is composed using the rule of thirds the eyes will wander the frame. A picture composed by the rule of thirds is more interesting and pleasing to the eye.

2

Avoid Camera Shake

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Camera shake or blur is something that can plague any photographer and here are some ways to avoid it. First, you need to learn how to hold your camera properly; use both hands, one around the body and one around the lens and hold the camera close to your body for support. Also make sure you are using a shutter speed that matches the lens focal length. So if you’re using a 100mm lens, then your shutter speed should be no lower than 1/100th of a second. Use a tripod or monopod whenever possible. In lieu of this, use a tree or a wall to stabilize the camera.

3

The Sunny 16 Rule

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The idea with the Sunny 16 rule is that we can use it to predict how to meter our camera on a sunny outdoor day. So when in that situation, choose an aperture of f/16 and 1/100th of a second shutter speed (provided you are using ISO 100). You should have a sharp image that is neither under or over exposed. This rule is useful if you don’t have a functioning light meter or if your camera doesn’t have an LCD screen to review the image.

4

Use a Polarizing Filter

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If you can only buy one filter for your lens, make it a polarizer. This filter helps reduce reflections from water as well as metal and glass; it improves the colors of the sky and foliage, and it will protect your lens too. There’s no reason why you can’t leave it on for all of your photography. The recommended kind of polarizer is circular because these allow your camera to use TTL (through the lens) metering (i.e. Auto exposure).

5

Create a Sense of Depth

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When photographing landscapes it really helps to create a sense of depth, in other words, make the viewer feel like they are there. Use a wide-angle lens for a panoramic view and a small aperture of f/16 or smaller to keep the foreground and background sharp. Placing an object or person in the foreground helps give a sense of scale and emphasizes how far away the distance is. Use a tripod if possible, as a small aperture usually requires a slower shutter speed.

6

Use Simple Backgrounds

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The simple approach is usually the best in digital photography, and you have to decide what needs to be in the shot, while not including anything that is a distraction. If possible, choose a plain background – in other words, neutral colors and simple patterns. You want the eye to be drawn to the focal point of the image rather than a patch of color or an odd building in the background. This is vital in a shot where the model is placed off center.

7

Don’t Use Flash Indoors

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Flash can look harsh and unnatural especially for indoor portraits. Therefore, there are various ways you can take an image indoors without resorting to flash. First, push the ISO up – usually ISO 800 to 1600 will make a big difference for the shutter speed you can choose. Use the widest aperture possible – this way more light will reach the sensor and you will have a nice blurred background. Using a tripod or an I.S. (Image Stabilization) lens is also a great way to avoid blur.

8

Choose the Right ISO

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The ISO setting determines how sensitive your camera is to light and also how fine the grain of your image. The ISO we choose depends on the situation – when it’s dark we need to push the ISO up to a higher number, say anything from 400 – 3200 as this will make the camera more sensitive to light and then we can avoid blurring. On sunny days we can choose ISO 100 or the Auto setting as we have more light to work with.

9

Pan to Create Motion

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If you want to capture a subject in motion, then use the panning technique. To do this, choose a shutter speed around two steps lower than necessary – so for 1/250, we’d choose 1/60. Keep your camera on the subject with your finger half way down on the shutter to lock the focus and when ready, take the photo, remembering to follow them as they move. Use a tripod or monopod if possible to avoid camera shake and get clear movement lines.

10

Experiment with Shutter Speed

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Don’t be afraid to play with the shutter speed to create some interesting effects. When taking a night time shot, use a tripod and try shooting with the shutter speed set at 4 seconds. You will see that the movement of the object is captured along with some light trails. If you choose a faster shutter speed of say 1/250th of a second, the trails will not be as long or bright; instead you will freeze the action. This technique works well if you are using a tripod and if you are photographing a moving object.

Importance of a Photo Booth in Every Occasion

Be it a corporate gathering or a wedding or a private party, we hire a professional photographer to capture some of the best moments for posterity. However, we see a change in this trend. The new trend is installing a photo booth at events. And people prefer to hire a photo booth over professional photographers for many reasons.

To hire a good photographer you will have to spend a lot of money. An advantage of having a photo booth is that even if you have a tight budget, you will be able to click the photos of every guest. Whether it’s a grand formal function like a product launch or a small private get together just for fun, it is completely essential that you get a photo booth rental to catch each one of those brilliant pictures.

Let’s take a peek into some of the other benefits of hiring a photo booth for your next event.

Make everyone feel special

Most events are incomplete without a few good photos. Be it a corporate event or a wedding, visitors will appreciate if you can give each of them a photo memento of the event, and a photo booth will make it possible. You can make each and every person who attended your event feel special. For example, in a wedding, visitors will be thankful for having their photo brought inside a corner with various types of assistants to run with the topic of the occasion.

An opportunity for the guests to mix and mingle

If you are organising a large gathering, not everyone attending the event will know each other. It will bring that fun element into the event. It will give your guests not only an opportunity to have fun with the people they know but will also give them a chance to interact with strangers at the party. Moreover, it gives everybody a chance to have their picture taken at the event either with the guests or hosts or both.

Fix the boredom

At a wedding we normally see the bride and the groom busy getting photographed by a professional photographer while all their guests will be sitting bored waiting for their turn to click snaps with the couple. When you have a photo booth your guests will be in a fun mode even before the start of the actual event. They can have all the fun while you are busy getting photographed by a professional cameraman.

Add to the entertainment value of the event

Photo booths come with exciting props, which are essential if you want your guests to get excited about your event. When you hire a photo booth make sure they have fake moustaches, feather wigs, and oversized hats, eyeglasses, picture frames, etc. Such props will encourage even shy guests to try out and act silly. It will add to the entertainment value of the event and your event will be the talk of the town for months or years to come.

Quality photos to keep

This is the age of selfies, but they cannot beat the quality of pictures captured through a DSLR. Now, there is a general misconception that pictures clicked at photo booths offer sub-standard photos, which is not at all true. There are so many photo booth companies which offer great quality services at cheap rates. They will ensure you get bright pictures on high quality paper. That way you will get the best photography experience. Not only that. By hiring it you can gift your guests a great souvenir. The high quality of photos printed at a photo booth is in no way inferior to the pictures clicked by a professional photographer.

A chance to give your event more publicity

To recall the best moments at an event you need good quality pictures. That is the main reason why we take pictures at any event. By hiring a photo booth you will be able to give every visitor a chance to leave the event with a specific picture, and your event will be etched in their memory forever. Your guests might even share the pictures taken at your event on social networking sites and more and more people will get to see your event. That way your event will get more publicity and could also makes personalized photographs possible at big and small events.

Save every single shot

Most photo booths will print pictures in a matter of seconds so there is no need for the guests to wait for their pictures. Another advantage of hiring is that you can also save every single shot into a disk and not a single shot will go waste. And you will be able to share the photos as you wish. If you request the rental company, they will even give you video snapshot presentation of all the photos.

So consider all these benefits and hire a photo booth next time you plan an event. Because once you do, there is no looking back; you are going to love each and every moment.

Learning Photography and How to Do So

There have been instances throughout history where people have been successful only when they did what they loved to do, not just as a hobby but as a profession as well. For many people, the daily grind of 9-5 is not as pleasing and they feel suffocated. Their hobbies and personal interests are their saving grace. There are a number of avenues that people can go down as far as their hobbies are concerned and turn them into a full time job.

There are endless opportunities which turn out to be full time jobs and people don’t feel a burden at all, because of their interests.

The proliferation of cameras and the influence it has on young minds has changed the photography scenario by wide margins and this has come up as a new youth centric platform. People aspire to be full time photographers and have started taking full time and part time photography courses as per their needs and level of skill.

The skill of capturing memories through photographs can be intoxicating and once the adrenaline seems pumping, not because of adventure, but because of the power of a lens, the photographers can simply not rest until their vision is portrayed on a canvas.

Earlier, it was difficult to find good photography courses, due to lack of facilities and infrastructure. But, modernization came as a blessing in disguise and now people have access to all that they require within the country. From high end gadgets to efficient setting classrooms for practice, photography schools make a note of everything being perfect.

Different people have different career goals and look at a profession distinctly. While some people delve deep into the digital world, some of them go for freelance projects and love to explore. There are people who go the traditional way as well and find themselves munching on specifics of lenses, cameras and a lot more.

The boom in photography has created multiple options for every photographer to learn from. But, with perks come limitations as well. With the opening of multiple photography schools, judging the traits of a school turns out to be arduous. Keeping a few things in the head before opting for a school can help save a lot of hassle and can also help you go a long way in the future.

Set your goals

Plan first and then take a step. Think about what your expectations are and what level of skill do you require.

Start searching

When you are sure about your goals, find the course you want to continue with. Browse the internet and search different websites to learn about what is being offered in which course.

Check the syllabus and instructors

Classes once shortlisted, check the syllabus of each and then evaluate according to what seems best for you.

12 Inspiring Ways To Fast-Track Your Photography

1. Print your images

Are your photographs destined to remain hidden on a hard drive forever, unseen by the world? Remember the buzz you once had in the pre-digital days, when you saw your photographs the first time in print?
Why not peruse your recent holiday snaps, and select your best work to be immortalised with ink on paper. Frame them; hang them in your home; give them away as gifts.

2. Update your camera gear

There comes a time when your digital camera doesn’t do your skills justice. While point-and-shoot cameras are convenient and cheaper, they are restricted by their simplicity and their smaller sensor size.

Unfortunately, the old adage ‘you get what you pay for’ is still the truth. Even an entry-level DSLR and kit lens will produce sharper and bigger images, and allow you to play with a wider aperture range, from at least f/4 to f/22.

If you’re into landscape photography, a sturdy tripod is a must, as is a polarising filter to darken blue skies. A cable release will prevent camera shake during longer exposures. A decent kit bag will protect your expensive gear, and enable more efficient access to it.

3. Subscribe to a photography magazine

The racks of most bookshops are stacked with numerous photography magazines. My favourite is Digital SLR Photography*, which boasts a higher standard of writing than found in other titles from the UK. Of course, these days you can subscribe to the digital version of magazines, and download them to your mobile device of choice.

4. Start a personal project

A popular pastime is to shoot a photo every day for 365 days. The idea is to force yourself into the habit of getting your camera out regularly, not just for holidays, or special occasions. Shoot ordinary events or items.

Dedicated 365 websites give tips and ideas.

You could photograph a ‘selfie’ in the mirror to record your beard growth for 12 months, and then create a time lapse.

Another worthwhile project is to choose a numeral (e.g. 8) or a colour (e.g. red). Walk around town for a day, only shooting this topic. You will be amazed at how such a focussed assignment will hone your observation skills.

5. Enter a photography competition

Success in a local, national or even international competition is not only a huge boost to your confidence, and reputation – you may collect some fantastic prizes too. Competitions range from promotional gimmicks at local events (think A&P shows or radio stations), non-profit organisations (think camera clubs) to magazines which run these on an annual basis.

This is a great way to expose your work to a wider audience, and broaden your skill set. The more prestigious competitions will charge entry fees, particularly the umbrella organisations for professionals, where winners are highly acclaimed.

6. Get your work published

If you love to photograph in a narrow niche (e.g. animals, gardens, fashion, children, or sports), and believe your images will withstand an editor’s scrutiny, why not send a sample CD off to your favourite publication? Magazine editors are forever on the lookout for fresh takes on old topics. Follow up with a phone call, or better, a personal visit.

If you’re a competent wordsmith, even better, as you’ll get paid more for quality writing than for a handful of photos. However, be warned: editors are notorious for not replying, so you will need to be tenacious. Don’t give up.

7. Learn how to post-process your pics

This is what often separates amateurish photos from professional-looking images: taking a few minutes in Photoshop, adjusting a few basic things. Stuff like colour correction, sharpness, and exposure curves are easily done. So is straightening a wonky horizon, or cropping your picture into a more pleasing frame.

Photoshop Elements or Lightroom are popular with hobbyists as they are cheaper, stripped-down versions of Adobe’s flagship software. Beginners may find Faststone Image Viewer a simple yet powerful program – and best of all, it’s free.

8. Push yourself

Very rarely do great images come easy. Persistence pays off, and sometimes it’s just a matter of staying around longer on location, waiting for the right light. Or getting out of bed earlier for that stunning sunrise shot.

Go the extra mile this year. Don’t settle for second best, even if it means embarking on solo missions when the family is sleeping or watching TV. The sacrifice will be worth it.

9. Make money from your hobby

There are numerous ways to earn a living from photography – it all depends on your skill level, personality type, and passions. While the market for more landscape calendars or greeting cards is saturated, there’s still room for tasteful stock images, particularly shots of people.

On-line micro-stock libraries such as iStockphoto.com will no longer provide a decent full-time income, but you could make some pocket money. Fortunately, local stock libraries value their contributor’s images more highly. If your images are accepted and sell regularly, you can expect to earn several thousand dollars every year, once you have built up a considerable body of quality work.

Of course, if you have the people skills and can think on your feet, wedding photography is where the real money is. As this competitive genre is seasonal, it can be supplemented by studio shoots, or baby portraiture.

10. Join the club

Photo albums have now been replaced with on-line galleries. Host sites include Google Photos or Yahoo’s Flickr, but if you’re serious, why not build your own personal website? This is no longer such a daunting task, as it was a few years ago. Cloud-based hosts include clikpic.com and wix.com where beautiful templates make DIY web design a breeze.

However, if you and computers don’t mix, you can always find a like-minded community of real humans in a local camera club. These not-for-profits offer advice, training, competitions, trips, conventions and printed publications.

11. Take a photography course

Most folks will benefit from attending at least one photography course, especially when they’re starting out. This needn’t be a four-year university degree. Check out your local high school – many offer night classes for adults, and are great value for money.

Alternatively, many pro photographers run seasonal workshops on portraiture, wildlife or landscapes.

12. Go on tour

To really improve your photography, you need to grab your camera, and practise, practise, practise.

Perhaps the best way to fast-track your camera skills is on an intense weekend shooting on location, with an experienced guide. He or she will transport you to the best hot spots at the best time of day, to ensure you get great images.

10 Mind-Blowing Photography Tips For Beginners

1) Pick a subject matter that speaks to you!

Pay attention to the reoccurring themes in your work. Think of what draws you to these things so you can find new ways to capture and express what you like!

2) Practice!

Don’t be afraid to make mistakes! Sometimes those mistakes turn out to be something unique and innovative that you can build on.

3) Work the subject!

Try shooting the same thing in as many ways you can that capture different aspects about it. After you shoot look through your shoot and critique your work. Be mindful of what worked and what didn’t and why. Editing your shoot is an important part of the learning process.

4) Study the work of other photographers.

Find something that inspires you and pay attention to what you like and try to mimic it. Then try to make it your own by bringing in something new and different.

5) Composition.

If you pay attention, most great photographs will contain at least one of these guidelines:

    • Rule of Thirds: Imagine the image is divided into thirds both horizontally and vertically. The interesting aspects of the image are placed on those lines. This rule is often used in landscapes, with the horizon being placed in the top, or bottom third of the composition. Some cameras even have a grid option that will display through your viewfinder, to help you make your composition precise.
    • Balancing Elements: If you are framing your main subject off center, try having a less important object in the background of the image to balance the weight of the dominant object. The secondary object will add depth to the subject and make it more interesting by filling the void of space in the image.
    • Leading Lines: Use the subject’s lines or contours to your advantage! These lines lead the viewer’s eyes across the image, so become aware of them and how to use them to your advantage. The more they lead the eye around, the longer the viewer looks at your image. Examples of the leading lines could be a winding road on a hilly landscape, or the contours of your model’s body. Notice how models pose is ways that create leading lines by using their limbs in interesting ways.
    • Symmetry and Patterns: Often used in architecture and nature, even in artistic portraits. The subject is center balanced, unlike in the rule of thirds.
    • Viewpoint: The angle of which the photographer shoots in relation to the subject. Showing us a subject from an angle that we don’t usually see it is a great way to make it more interesting. In working the subject, pay attention to the message the shot conveys. Try eye-level, from above, below, side behind from a distance, in close, etc…
    • Background: Pay attention to your background! If your background doesn’t add to the subject, use a plain backdrop or use a shallow depth of field to blur the background out. Think about how it affects the tone of the subject.
    • Depth: Mostly in landscapes, depth helps convey a 3-dimensional subject in a photograph, which is 2-dimensional.
    • Framing: Objects in your environment can be used to add to your shot! Some useful examples are: archways from a building, branches from a tree, holes in some cliffs. These frames can help show off the setting.
  • Cropping: Cropping in tight on a subject is a great way to remove distracting elements around it. Everything in the photograph should hold value to your image. If it doesn’t, try cropping it out.

The more you practice these composition guides, the more they will become instinctual. Even in your editing & selection process, pay attention to which images pop out at you, and see if they hold one of these elements.

6) Familiarize yourself with your tools.

Photography is so versatile! You can even take amazing photos with a coffee can, but you must understand the limitations of your gear.

7) Familiarize yourself with photography software!

Digital software is today’s darkroom & developing an image is just as important as how you shoot it. My favorite way to digitally polish my images is through Lightroom. It’s amazing what it allows you to do to an image without exposing yourself to chemicals or wasting photo paper and developer. The preset filters are a great way to intensify the tone of the image, but you must know how to fine-tune them to make the image just so. Photoshop is also an important tool.

8) Learn Lighting!

I suggest photographing a subject at different times of day and compare them. If you have access to professional lighting equipment try shooting your subject lit from different angles, diffusion vs. Hard lighting, etc… There are jobs just dedicated to lighting on high-end shoots, so there are no limits there if you have the budget. Really think about how the light conveys your message to the viewer.

9) Go with your instincts!

Make sure what you are shooting is fulfilling something for you. There is no point in shooting something you aren’t enjoying. It will show in your work! The more you are passionate about it, the more creatively you can capture it! I’ve worked with so many photographers that have talent, but take on shoots they don’t enjoy and it showed in the quality of the images. For example, I could never understand why somebody would hire a nature photographer to shoot their portraits. Somebody that isn’t a people person doesn’t take flattering photos of people no matter how much technical knowledge they have. On the other hand, if you see all people as beautiful and you have a natural talent for making a person feel good about him/herself, then portrait photography is a great niche!

10) Communicate with your subject!

If you are shooting any time of portrait, make sure it is prepared beforehand. Nothing worse than having your model show up with chipped blue nail polish! Learn to guide your subject with clear direction in a way that makes them feel comfortable! Even models feel vulnerable with a lens in their face, so learn to give suggestions in a flattering way. Nobody feels confident after hearing “sucks in your gut,” but if that’s what you want try something like “intensify your ribcage”. Compliments go a long way! When you ask for a smile, it will look forced. If you compliment the person they will naturally smile.

6 Amazing Effects of Photography

If you wish to see the effects in the images kindly visit art gallery

Effects of photography

Photography is an art that is assumed to be easy to everyone. There is the assumption that it is all about pointing at an object, and press a button to take a picture. In the real sense, it is a skill that requires a lot of patience and passion to be able to master. A student can learn so much in any photography class but let’s look at different effects and tips to help you in enhancing the quality of photos taken.

Bokeh

The aesthetic quality of blur out of primary image focus is known as bokeh. Light offers more light to areas not in focus but is near the object. Lens aberrations and aperture shape differences, cause the blur resulting to beautiful looks. There is both good and bad bokeh, in the bad bokeh, blur mostly distracts observers from the focus areas and is harsh hence ruins a photographers work. Good bokeh enhances the image look.

Panning

Panning is a photography technique that is mostly used to shoot moving objects such as sports cars, race competitions. It involves the horizontal, rotational and vertical movement of an image or video. To achieve best results of a sharp subject with a blurred background, you need to stay with an object as you frame and press the shutter button. It is among the old techniques, so it needs a lot of practice and patience to master.

Thirds rule

It is a method that is frequently used by artists and painters. Work produced using the technique can be found in art galleries. The rule of thirds method involves breaking down the photo in thirds, vertically and horizontally to have nine parts. The focus object is usually not placed in the middle which results to it being interesting, moving and dynamic. Factors to consider are the point of interest and the frame. Mentally divide your viewfinder into three to frame the shot.

Golden hour

Also referred to as the magic hour, it is the first hour of sunrise and last time of the sunset. The light is of different quality thus add quality and interest to the photo. It requires one to be fast for the quality of light fades quickly

Fill flash

This technique involves filling the dark areas of an image using flash. The background of the picture is usually brighter than the subject. A photographer needs to adjust the shutter and aperture speed to expose the background. The circumstances when to use flash are:

• When foreground light is less than in the background

• When close to the focus subject

Long exposure

It is an effect that creates a dreamy landscape, it both captures still elements and moving. Objects in motion usually are blurred. The photographer narrows the aperture and sets the shutter to a long duration speed.

Conclusion

There are many effects in photography, and the above are just a few. In photography, there is the need to be creative just use your imagination and come up with your effect. Also consider visiting places like Hawaii, Honolulu where there are various art galleries. The principal purpose of the various effects is to create beautiful photos.

Simple Tips To Get The Best From Portrait Photography

Portrait photography generally makes the face, facial features and expressions predominant. It captures the personality of the subject using effective poses, backdrops and lighting to serve different purposes. Portrait photographers focus more on the face and emphasis on it even though the body and the background may also be included in the photo. This type of photography has become very popular that it is what most people choose for their weddings and other important events and celebrations.

Whereas the photography is not that hard to achieve, it may take a few skills to get the most stunning shots. Below are some helpful tips you should consider to get the best from portrait photography for your desired use and purpose.

Tip 1 – Let the camera be at an angle. Shooting portraits goes beyond the usual vertical and horizontal framing. Diagonal angles have a way of injecting some fun into the images and add some energy to them as well. You, however must be careful when angling so you do not end up looking as though you made a mistake holding the camera.

Tip 2 – Add movement to the shots. Portraits are generally static, but they can be quite unique when you manage to introduce some movement. This is something that you can achieve by making the subject move or shooting the subject around moving elements. When adding movement to the portraits remember to use slow shutter speed so you are able to capture the movement.

Tip 3 – Choose wide angle. Wide angle lenses help in creating memorable shots in portrait photography. This is because the wide focal lengths bring about distortions that are wonderful; you can enlarge facial parts or body parts on the frame edge more than the center to create a dramatic effect in the end. You should, however ensure that the subject is at an impressive setting when going with a wide angle to get the best results in the end.

Tip 4 – Allow the face to fill your frame. It is one of the best ways of ensuring that the subject does indeed capture viewer attention. If the subject is the only feature in the shot, then let the face fill the frame so they are as striking as they should be. It may not be the way to go with every one of your shots, but it will work amazingly well every once in a while.

Tip 5 – Play around with unfocused shots. Sharply focused images seem to be the standard for photographers. At times, however, especially in portrait photography, shots that are unfocused tend to work best. This is because they have a tendency of showing real emotion, interest and mood. You can achieve such shots by using a large aperture to create narrow depth of field and then focusing on something that is in front or behind the subject instead of focusing directly on the subject. You can also use wide aperture and focus on something else besides the subject so the full image is out of focus. Unfocused shots tend to be mysterious and dreamy and work for some purposes.

Portrait photography can achieve some of the most stunning images when handled in the best ways. You can have a professional photographer handle your portrait needs to get unique and powerful shots for your usage.

6 Photo Editing Tips You Should Know

In the past, photo editing was not something that photographers were agreed on. However, photo editing is considered as an essential skill for today’s photographers. For instance, with Photoshop, you can perform the post-processing a lot more easily. Nowadays, it’s believed that even the best photos can be improved with a good photo editing app.

Given below are a few good adjustments that you can make in order to make the process more efficient. For instance, you should crop your images first. It’s not a good idea to remove dust or readjust exposure on those areas of the image that will be cropped out.

6 Photo Editing Tips

Crop your Images

Do you have well-composed photos? If so, you can still benefit from a bit of cropping. For this, you should choose the Crop tool and then select the area that you want to keep. This is as easy as it sounds. Once the image is cropped, you should recheck it to make sure you have not removed necessary parts.

Remove the sensor dust

Remember: dust and other particles should be removed from the camera lens before each photo shoot. If you have taken photos without cleaning the lens, you will see dust on the shots. For this, you can choose the Healing Brush from the menu to get rid of the dust spots.

Readjust the levels

If you want to increase the contrast level of a photo, all you have to do is darken the shadows and brighten the highlights. You should go to the Levels and then drag the white arrow in the right direction to achieve the desired effect.

Increase the saturation

To make the colors stand out, you can increase the saturation level. So, it’s a good idea to increase the saturation in order to make your images more colorful. However, it’s a good idea to use this feature sparingly as noisy colors don’t look good at all.

Change it Back to black and white

Mono is awesome in some cases. Therefore, you may want to try out this conversion tool. You can give a go to the preset conversion to change the way colors are converted. Ideally, you should opt for presets that will give you great contrast. Make sure you don’t lose shadows or highlights.

Sharpen up

You can use this feature on the majority of digital photos. As a matter of fact, the settings will be based on whether you want to view the pictures on a computer screen or you want to get them printed. Again, use this feature sparingly in order to avoid digital noise.

Other tips

It’s not a necessity to use all of the features for editing each photo. For instance, in some photos, you won’t need to change the exposure at all. All you have to do is make sure you need a feature to make the image look better.

Once you have completed the photo editing, you should rename the image to save it to another folder. Don’t make the mistake of over-writing the file you took from the camera.

So, these are a few tips that can help you with photo editing.

The Golden Rules of Photography

There has been a sharp rise in the number of people clicking photographs in the last few years. Photography has given a lot of people the freedom to click whatever they like. But, as much as it seems easy and fascinating, there is much more to DSLR photography than meets the eye. There are a few golden rules that you need to keep with you whenever you want to click.

1) Visual Literacy
Now that a lot of people are clicking on a daily basis, it is important to keep in mind that every picture clicked has a purpose and we not only click a frame but something that conveys a message. It is important to keep in mind that an image might influence others in various possible ways.

Visual literacy is about seeking rather than just looking around. When getting ready to click the shot, stop and think for a moment what the picture conveys.

Understanding that every picture has its own vision of the world is important and that when you click something or someone, try to pre-visualise what is being translated from the three dimensional reality in front of you onto the two dimensional space within the photograph frame. Your camera is just a tool which will lend a helping hand to portray your interpretation of the world.

2) Visual Impact and Appeal
Composition, proportion, focus, balance, rhythm and texture are among some of the values in a photograph and all of them affect the visual impact and appeal of a photograph in one way or the other. But, the most important aspect is the value of composition, in other words, the satisfying arrangements of shapes and sizes in the space occupied by them.

3) Composition
Since we are talking about composition, let’s see in detail, why is it important.

Determine your subject and decide the best camera position. Instead of holding your camera at an eye level, try different angles or point of view. Get down lower or higher when composing a shot.

Keep a note of your subject and the surroundings you are in. See if they match perfectly and make sure there are no things such as lamp posts or trees hanging out from the corners of someone’s head and spoiling the frame.

4) Check the Frame
Digital cameras photography is best experienced when you have a perfect frame. Select one by looking through the viewfinder or digital back. Observe the frame from one edge to another. Take note of what might be left out of the frame and can be included to make the frame look better. Work on filling the frame with only necessary elements rather than cropping up the image later.

These DSLR photography tips, if kept in mind while taking the shot, will eventually land you up with something which is perfect and that is the only thing a photographer longs for.